Woodrow Wilson was born December 28, 1856. He was a leader of the Progressive Movement. He served as President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910, and then as the Governor of New Jersey from 1911 to 1913. Woodrow Wilson was a progressive candidate and the first for the Democratic party.
Theodore Roosevelt was born October 27, 1858. Teddy was elected as vice president in the election of 1900. He then became president in 1901 after the assassination of Mckinley. Teddy was the first progressive president. In the election of 1912, the republican party nominated William Taft as candidate and so the followers of Theodore created the party known as the Progressive Party. This was also known as the "Bull Moose" party.
William Howard Taft
Taft was born September 15, 1857 in Cincinnati. Taft was elected president in the election of 1908. He was a republican candidate and he became the second progressive president. William Taft was greatly supported by Theodore Roosevelt. He managed to break over 90 monopolies. He also created the department of labor. The republican party nominated Taft instead of Theodore in the election of 1912.
Main Issues In Election
Three of the key issues during the election of 1912 were how to deal with trusts, whether women should have the right to vote, and whether tariffs should be used to protect trade in the United States.
The Outcome: Woodrow Wilson
There being two republican (Bull moose party was a republican progressive party) parties many of the votes were taken away from each other giving Woodrow Wilson the advantage.
- The popular vote was won by Wilson by 2,173,563 votes.
- Wilson – 6,296,284
- Roosevelt – 4,122,721
- Taft – 3,486,242
- The electoral vote was won by Wilson-Marshall by 347 votes.
- Wilson– 435 votes
Analyze: All three candidates are running for president. The voter represents all voters and how they feel towards the candidates. This is most likely coming from a voter and they feel like the president that is going to do the best job is Wilson. All the candidates say "IF". As in if they win they will try and do what they say they will do.
Electoral College Map
- Woodrow Wilson dominated by winning 40 states
- Theodore Roosevelt came in second winning 6 states
- William Taft only won 2 states
Excerpt From Speech
"Surely there never was a fight better worth making than the one in which we are in. It little matters what befalls any one of us who for the time being stands in the forefront of the battle. I hope we shall win, and I believe that if we can wake the people to what the fight really means we shall win. But, win or lose, we shall not falter. Whatever fate may at the moment overtake any of us, the movement itself will not stop. Our cause is based on the eternal principles of righteousness; even though we who now lead may for the time fail, in the end the cause itself shall triumph. "
"I am, therefore, forced to be a progressive, if for no other reason, because we have not kept up with our changes of conditions, either in the economic field or in the political field. We have not kept up as well as other nations have. We have not kept our practices adjusted to the facts of the case, and until we do, and unless we do, the facts of the case will always have the better of the argument; because if you do not adjust your laws to the facts, so much the worse for the laws, not for the facts, because law trails along after the facts. Only that law is unsafe which runs ahead of the facts and beckons to it and makes it follow the will-o’-the-wisps of imaginative projects.
Business is in a situation in America which it was never in before; it is in a situation to which we have not adjusted our laws. Our laws are still meant for business done by individuals; they have not been satisfactorily adjusted to business done by great combinations, and we have got to adjust them. I do not say we may or may not; I say we must; there is no choice."
- This was the last election in which a third party candidate beat one of the two major party candidates. Roosevelt of the Bull Moose Party came in second while Taft of the Republican Party came in third.
- James S. Sherman was the Vice-President for Taft and was selected to be the running mate of Taft but he died a week before the election.